Here's how we assess the latest turntables.
Our expert testers and listening panel assess the latest turntables for sound quality, ease of use and how well they work in real life.
Subjective listening tests are carried out by a panel of five sound experts with varied ages and musical tastes. Each turntable is judged on the same set of speakers and against a reference turntable.
The tracks listened to include:
This portion of the test looks at the technical capabilities of the turntables. We test for wow, flutter, frequency response, and stylus pressure. We use standardised LP records for this test and a pressure gauge for the stylus.
Wow and flutter is pitch variation that can occur on a record. Frequency response is the range of sound frequency, and is measured using pink noise.
For this section we assess:
Using the turntable: