Sunscreens

Big names continue to fail our sunscreen tests.

sunscreen products

Nearly half the sunscreens in our latest test didn’t provide the claimed protection. A further three products failed the broad spectrum requirement.

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What to know

What to know

What to know

  • Nine of 20 sunscreens we tested didn’t meet the SPF claimed on the label.
  • Three products also failed to meet requirements for broad-spectrum protection.
  • Just eight sunscreens met their label claims. They ranged in price from $7.20/100ml to $64/100ml.
  • It’s time the government made the sunscreen standard mandatory. In a country with one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world, a voluntary standard isn't good enough.

We tested 20 sunscreens to assess whether they met their SPF (sun protection factor) and broad-spectrum protection claims.

Nine products didn’t meet the SPF claimed on the label:

  • Hawaiian Tropic Silk Hydration Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+ A Touch of Mango and Papaya
  • Invisible Zinc Face + Body Mineral Sunscreen SPF50
  • Natio Suncare Moisturising Sun Lotion SPF50+
  • Frankie Apothecary Natural Sunscreen + Kawakawa and Antioxidant SPF50
  • MooGoo Natural Sunscreen SPF40
  • Cancer Society Everyday Sun Lotion SPF50+
  • Marine Blue Australia Dry Touch Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+
  • Sunsense Ultra SPF50+
  • Banana Boat Dry Balance Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+
    Cancer Society Everyday Sun Lotion SPF50+ bottle.

We tested two samples of Cancer Society Everyday Sun Lotion SPF50+ at two different labs. The first sample returned an SPF of 28.29 and the second sample achieved 30.6. Both tested at significantly below the SPF60 required to make an SPF50+ claim.

Earlier this year the Cancer Society made a commitment to re-test all its sunscreens (except aerosols) before this summer. Results provided to us report the product we tested had an SPF of 63.8.

The Cancer Society’s test results were from AMA Laboratories – a sunscreen-testing facility in the US. In August 2019, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced AMA’s owner had been charged with, and some staff had pleaded guilty to, falsifying test results from 1987 to April 2017 (see “AMA Labs”).

As a result of our test, the Cancer Society said it’s voluntarily withdrawing the batch we tested (batch 89661). However, given the fact the sunscreen didn’t meet its claims in the two separate tests we did, we’d expect the Cancer Society to recall and relabel all batches.

Banana Boat Dry Balance Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+.

Sunsense Ultra SPF50+ and Banana Boat Dry Balance Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+ only provided moderate protection. The distributors of Sunsense provided us with test results showing the sunscreen had been tested on 10 human subjects and met its claimed SPF. However, the test certificate was from 2016 and, like the Cancer Society, testing was undertaken by AMA Labs.

The distributors of Banana Boat provided 10-person test results from 2015/2016 but wouldn’t tell us the lab that did the testing. It said testing was completed by a US-lab but wouldn’t disclose the lab’s name. In our 2018 test, Banana Boat provided a test report from AMA Labs.

The distributors of Banana Boat also sell Hawaiian Tropic Silk Hydration Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+ A Touch of Mango and Papaya. In our test, it had an SPF of 48.68, not the SPF60 required to make an SPF50+ claim. The 2016 test report provided by the company was also from an unidentified lab.

Marine Blue Australia Dry Touch Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+ only provided moderate protection, with a tested SPF of 26.4. The distributor didn’t provide a test certificate to support its claim. It said previous test results, also undertaken by AMA Labs, showed it met its label claim.

Marine Blue is subsidised by Pharmac for people severely sensitive to light as a result of a clinical condition. Pharmac doesn’t undertake testing or require companies to provide test certificates to ensure subsidised sunscreens meet claims. We think Marine Blue should be removed from the Pharmaceutical Schedule. We’ve sent our results to Pharmac.

Frankie Apothecary Natural Sunscreen + Kawakawa and Antioxidant SPF50.

Invisible Zinc Face + Body Mineral Sunscreen SPF50, Frankie Apothecary Natural Sunscreen + Kawakawa and Antioxidant SPF50 and MooGoo Natural Sunscreen SPF40 provided high protection, but all fell just short of their SPF label claim. The companies provided us with supporting 10-person reports from the Australian lab we used. Invisible Zinc’s reports were from 2014 and 2017. MooGoo provided a 10-person report from 2014 and a 2019 three-person report. Frankie Apothecary provided a 2017 report.

Frankie Apothecary director Matt Elvin said he’s disappointed our result showed the sunscreen wasn’t measuring up to its SPF50 claim. As the new owner of the brand, Mr Elvin said he relied on the 2017 report from the previous owner. “The sunscreen formula has not changed so we are working with the manufacturer to determine the cause of the drop in SPF,” he said. As a result of our test, Frankie Apothecary has commissioned further testing of this product. In the meantime, the company is relabelling current and new product with an SPF35 label. It has also committed to annual testing.

Sunscreen manufacturers don’t have to regularly test their products but we think they should to ensure different batches meet label claims. Lack of consistency between batches is especially an issue for sunscreens containing zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.

Natio Suncare Moisturising Sun Lotion SPF50+ also failed to meet its SPF claims in our test. The company told us its product was backed by test results, but declined to provide a test certificate.

Natio Suncare Moisturising Sun Lotion SPF50+

Beauty Care Co Zinc Sport Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+, Surf Life Saving Sunscreen Lotion Dry Touch Formula SPF50 and Wotnot Deeply Moisturising Sunscreen SPF30 met their SPF label claims. However, all failed one of the broad-spectrum requirements.

Surf Life Saving provided a certificate from 2012 to support its broad spectrum claim. It told us it is working with the manufacturer to review our test result. Wotnot is also following up with its manufacturer. Beauty Care Co didn’t respond to our inquiries.

Our results aren’t a one-off. Last year, only four (out of 19) sunscreens in our test met their SPF label claim and requirements for broad spectrum. In 2017, only nine (out of 20) achieved this.

Up to standard

Just eight of the 20 sunscreens we tested met their SPF label claim and the requirements for broad-spectrum protection. Prices ranged from $7.20 per 100ml (Smart365 Sun Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+ from The Warehouse) to $64 per 100ml (La Roche-Posay Anthelios XL Ultra-Light Fluid 50+).

These sunscreens met their SPF label claim and passed the broad spectrum test:

  • La Roche-Posay Anthelios XL Ultra-Light Fluid SPF50+
  • Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry-Touch Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+
  • Nivea Sun Protect & Moisture Moisturising Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+
  • Smart365 Sun Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+
  • Oasis Sun Sport PA++++ SPF40
  • Badger Sport Unscented Natural Mineral Sunscreen Cream SPF35
  • My Sunshine Natural Sunscreen + Antioxidants SPF30
  • Solzinc Natural Sun Protection 30+

AMA Labs

In August, Gabriel Letizia Jr., the owner of AMA Laboratories, was arrested on charges of fraud for reporting false test results from 1987 to April 2017 – a period of 30 years.

It was alleged the company tested products on a lower number of subjects than was reported. It’s also alleged AMA staff made false and misleading statements about the test results to companies.

The charges were made by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The US Attorney alleges the fraud cost the company’s clients millions and also endangered the safety of thousands of consumers. The owner is defending the charges. However, four of AMA’s staff, including its technical director and clinical laboratory director, have pleaded guilty.

For many years, companies have been sending us AMA test results that conflict with our tests. We think sunscreen companies that have been relying on AMA results to substantiate label claims need to urgently re-test all their sunscreens at a different lab to ensure products are providing the claimed protection.

Time to regulate

In April, we made a submission to the Ministry of Health on the Therapeutic Products Regulatory Scheme. We strongly supported sunscreens being included as a therapeutic product and required to comply with the Australian and New Zealand sunscreen standard.

The sunscreen standard is mandatory in Australia but voluntary here (where sunscreens are classified as cosmetics). Products that meet other international standards, such as those in the US or EU, are also allowed to be sold as well as sunscreens that don’t meet any standard at all.

We also asked for regulations to specify how often sunscreens must be tested and include requirements for test labs. In addition, monitoring and independent testing of sunscreens must be done to ensure label claims are truthful.

We’ve been campaigning for a mandatory sunscreen standard for many years. In a country with one of the highest rates of skin cancer and melanoma in the world, it’s not good enough sunscreens aren’t regulated. Experts agree. The New Zealand Dermatological Society and Skin Cancer College Australasia support our campaign for regulation.

What’s in them?

In summer, it’s important to slap on sunscreen to protect you from UV rays. The sun exposes you to two types of UV rays – UVA and UVB. UVA penetrates deeply into the skin and can cause wrinkles and age spots. UVB causes skin reddening and is the main cause of sunburn. Both rays can cause skin cancer.

Sunscreen active ingredients can be divided into two groups – physical blockers and chemical absorbers.

Physical blockers (zinc oxide and titanium dioxide) work by reflecting or scattering UV radiation and are effective at protecting against both UVA and UVB radiation. A downside is they leave white marks on the skin, although some physical sunscreens now use nanoparticles – tiny molecules with one or more dimension less than 100 nanometres (nm) – which makes the sunscreen transparent.

There is debate about the safety of nanoparticles and whether they can penetrate the outer layer of skin (which has been shown in lab studies) and damage living cells.

17nov girl applying sunscreen
There is debate about the safety of nanoparticles and whether they can penetrate the outer layer of skin.

In January 2017, the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration updated its review on the safety of zinc oxide and titanium oxide nanoparticles. The review looked at both in vitro (studies on skin cells) and in vivo (studies on humans and animals). It concluded the majority of studies found nanoparticles didn’t penetrate “or minimally penetrated” the skin, suggesting “systemic absorption, hence toxicity, is highly unlikely”.

The European Commission concluded available evidence suggests zinc oxide and titanium dioxide nanoparticles can be considered safe for use on the skin as sunscreens up to a concentration of 25%. This does not apply to sprayable products, which might be inhaled.

With cosmetic products, which include sunscreens, nanoparticle ingredients are required to be labelled. The word “nano” must appear in brackets after the ingredient. However, if a sunscreen complies with Australian regulations, this isn’t required and products don’t need to declare the ingredients’ particle size.

Chemical absorbers (such as octinoxate or oxybenzone) work by absorbing UV radiation and can be further differentiated by the type of radiation they absorb – UVA or UVB. Chemical sunscreens will often have a combination of ingredients to protect against UVA and UVB.

Some people choose to avoid chemical sunscreens because of concerns the ingredients are absorbed through the skin. In May, a study by US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) researchers found these chemicals may be absorbed at levels higher than previously believed.

18nov coral
Studies have shown some chemical blockers are toxic to coral and potentially harmful to other aquatic organisms.

The FDA has asked the sunscreen industry to provide additional safety information on 12 chemical sunscreen ingredients including oxybenzone, homosalate and octinoxate to validate their safety and effectiveness.

In New Zealand, sunscreens are classified as cosmetics and regulated by the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA). The EPA said it’s aware of the FDA’s position. Any new findings could be considered as an update to cosmetics regulations, it said.

Some ingredients, in particular oxybenzone (also called benzophenone-3) and octinoxate (aka octyl methoxycinnamate) are also emerging as an environmental concern, especially in beach regions where they’re washed off.

Due to the evidence showing these ingredients impact negatively on marine life, the New Zealand Dermatological Society recommends using sunscreens without them. From 2021, sunscreens containing oxybenzone and octinoxate will be banned in Hawaii, except on prescription.

To choose sunscreens without these chemicals, check the packaging – all active ingredients in sunscreens must be listed.

Sunscreen irritation

Certain ingredients in sunscreens can irritate some people. This may be due to sensitive skin or a reaction to one of the ingredients (a chemical, preservative or fragrance).

The active ingredients in sunscreens must be listed on the label. However, unlike other cosmetics, sunscreens are exempt from having to list all ingredients if they comply with the Australian requirements.

What do the SPF numbers mean?

17nov spf graph

An SPF15 sunscreen that's properly applied is meant to give you 15 times the protection you'd get with unprotected skin.

So if you were outside in the sort of sun that burns unprotected skin in 10 minutes, then SPF15 would give you 150 minutes of protection. For SPF30 sunscreen, that time would extend out to 300 minutes and for SPF50 it would be 500 minutes.

That’s the theory. These times will vary from person to person because of skin type, activities (such as heavy exercise or swimming) and how well the sunscreen is applied. No matter how high the SPF, any sunscreen should be reapplied regularly – every two hours you’re in the sun.

No matter how high the SPF, any sunscreen should be reapplied regularly – every 2 hours you’re in the sun. No sunscreen blocks 100% of UV rays: SPF15 blocks 93% of UVB, SPF30 blocks 97%, and SPF50 blocks 98%.

Sun safety tips

  • Look for sunscreens with an SPF of 30 or above, plus water resistance and broad-spectrum protection.
  • Apply sunscreen at least 20 minutes before going outside.
  • Apply plenty – about one teaspoonful (5ml) for each arm, each leg, your back, your front and your face (which includes your neck and ears). That adds up to about 35ml for a full-body application.
  • Ignore “once-a-day” claims. Sunscreen should be reapplied often – every two hours you’re outside.
  • Mopping up sweat or towelling dry reduces protection: apply another coat of sunscreen immediately.

Remember, a sunscreen is only one part of your defence against UV radiation. You should also cover up with suitable clothing, a broad-brimmed hat and UV-protective sunglasses. When the sun’s rays are most intense (between 10am and 4pm September to April or when the ultraviolet index (UVI) is greater than three), limit your time in the sun.

Frequently asked questions

What difference does the SPF make?

"SPF" stands for "sun protection factor". It's a measure of protection against mainly UVB rays, the ones that cause sunburn. The higher the SPF number, the greater the protection - up to 50+.

Above SPF 50+ the additional protection is very small. In fact, high SPF values are a problem. Studies have shown that people use them to stay out longer in the sun, using sunburn as a warning to take cover. During this time you can receive large doses of UVA radiation.

The new Australian/New Zealand standard limits SPF claims to 50 in line with other international standards.

For more information, see “What do the SPF numbers mean?”

What does "broad spectrum" mean?

Broad spectrum sunscreens protect against UVA and UVB radiation. Both contribute to premature skin ageing, damage to the immune system and skin cancer.

UVA radiation penetrates deep into the skin layer; it's dangerous because there's no immediate warning sign (such as the sunburn caused by UVB rays).

Will the sunscreen protect me all day?

No - sunscreen can be sweated, washed or rubbed off, the chemicals may break down over time, and people simply don't apply enough (see "Sun safety tips" above). You should reapply sunscreen every 2 hours.

Does having a tan mean you don't need as much sunscreen?

No. A tan is a sign that skin damage has already started. Any further UV radiation will only add to the damage, resulting in wrinkled leathery skin and possibly skin cancer later in life.

Do I need a special sunscreen for my child?

Proper protection from the sun is more important during childhood than at any other time in life. Childhood and teenage sunburn is a high-risk factor for developing melanoma.

Sunscreens that are specially formulated for children have a mild base designed especially for their sensitive skin. But there's no reason why children shouldn't use the family sunscreen, provided it doesn't irritate their skin. Test a small amount on the inside of their forearm first.

According to Professor Marius Rademaker, from the Dermatology Unit at the Waikato District Health Board, you don’t need a special sunscreen for kids. He told us there was little evidence to suggest there was a safety issue with using the active ingredients of adult sunscreens on children.

Professor Rademaker told us it was important to remember that sunscreens were just one component of keeping safe in the sun. “As well as wearing sunscreen, children should wear protective clothing and sunglasses, and parents should plan outdoor activities for early in the morning or later in the afternoon.”

Keep babies and toddlers out of the sun as much as possible. The best protection for them is staying in the shade and using cover-up clothing - as it is for everybody.

Member comments

Get access to comment

Andrea T.
02 Dec 2019
Sunscreens

So which brands did meet requirements?

Consumer staff
02 Dec 2019
Re: Sunscreens

Hi Andrea,

You can check out the products that met both their SPF label claim and the requirements for broad-spectrum protection on the "up to standard" section of our article: https://www.consumer.org.nz/articles/sunscreens/know-the-issue#article-up-to-standard

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Hamish W.
27 Nov 2019
Should you apply two coats?

This report says two coats of sunscreen are necessary. https://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/well-good/teach-me/117708750/sunscreen-is-not-enough-to-protect-from-sunburn-in-new-zealand--researcher
"You put it on 15 or 20 minutes before you go outside and then just before you go outside, you put another layer on."
That's news to me!

Any comments from the team?

Consumer staff
29 Nov 2019
Re: Should you apply two coats?

Hi Hamish,

The Health Promotion Agency recommends the “two-coat” approach because it gives you a thicker, more protective layer of sunscreen. It also helps cover up areas you may have missed on the first application. This highlights the importance of making sure you apply sunscreen properly – using plenty on all areas that are uncovered.

Kind regards,

Belinda - Consumer NZ writer

Sue S.
25 Nov 2019
The products that failed the broad spectrum requirements

Is there any more information on the three products that failed to meet requirements for broad-spectrum protection.

Consumer staff
26 Nov 2019
Re: The products that failed the broad spectrum requirements

Hi Sue,

You can read our full findings of the products that failed to meet broad spectrum claims in the table on the "test results" tab.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Bob Z.
25 Nov 2019
Water resistance and eye irritation

I am a keen windsurfer and have had two pre-cancerous growths removed from my face. My current sunscreen irritates my eyes when I fall in the water. Can you advise which sunscreens (a) are less of an irritant to eyes and (b) are more water resistant. By the way I also wear a strap-on hat to reduce sun exposure.
Thanks.

Consumer staff
25 Nov 2019
Re: Water resistance and eye irritation

Hi Bob,

Sunscreen ingredients can irritate some people. But as sunscreens contain multiple ingredients, such as chemicals, preservatives or fragrances, it’s difficult to determine what it causing the reaction. Unfortunately, we weren’t able to test for this. We also didn’t test for water resistance.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Reid B.
23 Nov 2019
Two issues - (1) sunscreen effectiveness and (2) advertising honesty

Consumer deserves credit for investigating the sunscreen issue. But it needs to distinguish the two issues at stake.

Firstly, regarding effectiveness, we should not get our knickers in a knot about the magnitude of the SPF factor - it is only one indicator of sunscreen effectiveness, as Marita B so clearly explains. Other key factors are the thickness of the applied sunscreen layer, and how well the layer is maintained hour after hour. A good layer of sticky waterproof SPF 15 regularly applied could easily outperform a poorly applied and maintained and runny SPF50! Consumer's preoccupation with the SPF figures (to an astonishingly absurd resolution of 0.01!!) is misplaced and misleading.

For most people, the need is simply to substantially cut down on the UV dosage, starting with how long you are outside, especially in the middle of the day, whether you are in shade, and what clothing and hat you are wearing. Then where needed, applying a decent sunscreen properly. But as consumer states "No sunscreen blocks 100% of UV rays: SPF15 blocks 93% of UVB, SPF30 blocks 97%, and SPF50 blocks 98%." A blocking of 93% of the UV seems pretty good to me for day to day summer use (i.e. 7% remaining). After all, there are plenty of other times, at the ends of the day and in other seasons when we don't use sunscreen and our accumulated dosage will reach a similar level. You could argue that the best sunscreen is the cheapest one, since people are more likely to slap it on liberally and regularly. But if the SPF50 costs the same as the SPF15, then of course you should go for the SPF50.

Secondly, the question of the accuracy of the SPF claims is an entirely separate matter. I believe companies should be held to account for claims they make. If a product has an claimed SPF of 40, it should meet that standard (even though an SPF of 39 would in practice be not materially different to an SPF of 40.) Companies should also be able to demonstrate their basis for making such claims, and not pluck a number out of the air. We consumers need to trust that the claims made for products are generally reliable. We should not be lied to. So all power to Consumer for pursuing inaccurate claims in SPF advertising.

Reid B.

Marita B.
23 Nov 2019
Products that “do not meet the claim” are fine for most users

These test results are fear-mongering and misleading. An SPF 30 blocks 97% of UVB rays, whereas an SPF 50 blocks 98%. The difference between the two is very very small, a matter of an extra few minutes in the sun before having to reapply. For most users who don’t have a history of melanoma, extremely fair skin, or have extreme sensitivity to the sun, anything over SPF30 is fine and frankly, SPF15 is fine if you are not sitting out in the sun for long periods. And if you did have a history of melanoma, etc etc, using sunscreen would be your last option after staying in the shade, and wearing hats, su glasses and clothing as much more effective (and cheaper) barriers. To list a product that has a tested SPF of 48.69 as not meeting the claim is ridiculous and really unfair on the company.

The main reason sunscreens are ineffective is because people don’t use enough product. You mention using 35ml to cover one body and that will give you a couple of hours protection. For one family you are going to need a bottle a day if you are relying on sunscreen to protect you. People skimp because it’s expensive. And they buy SPF50+ because they think it will last a lot longer when it only gives them a couple extra minutes of protection over an SPF30+, whilst smothering themselves with increasingly toxic chemicals.

For many years the cancer councils in Australia (I was sun protection researcher there for 7 years in the 90s) insisted on advocating SPF15 only because people thought the higher SPFs meant they could stay out in the sun a lot longer. The industry pushed them to allow higher SPF to be advertised. But really, people should be using sunscreen as a last resort, and reapplying regularly, whilst using cloth and shade barriers as their main defence. Making a fuss about whether an SPF is 30 or 50 is in reality going to make very little difference for most users in most situations. People, don’t throw out your sunscreens and don’t freak out if your sunscreen “failed to meet the claim”.

Dorothy D.
23 Nov 2019
I heartily agree with Marita B's comment.

I note there does not appear to be mention of how and where testing was done. I believe NZ still does not have it's own regulatory mechanism for testing in NZ nor regulatory legislation on standards.
The rating of sunscreen effectiveness is more than just SPF factor. It includes its effectiveness in screening against both UVA and UVB.
Recommendations recently released by authorities in Australia are
1. Cover up,
2. Apply sunscreen that contains a barrier (that is either zinc or titanium) and protects against both UVB and UVA.
3 It must be applied 2 to 4 hourly all day long ( when total UC index is greater than 4) as UVA is present all day and can go through clouds and glass.

NZ has the highest incidence of melanoma in the world and has not shown signs of decreasind as it has in Australia who is our closest competitor.
As an accredited skin cancer doctor I recommend all NZers to have a regular skin check by a skin doctor and until NZ can produce a reliable list of suitable products by a regulatory body take advice on suitable sunscreens from their skin cancer doctor rather than relying on advertising and the internet and retail market.
Consumer means well and its advice useful and pertinent but is itself not a regulatory body.
As a corollary make sure thar when your skin is checked your doctor uses a dermascope and has qualifications to support that use.

Gill M.
21 Nov 2019
Daylong (now Cetaphil sun kids liposomal)

Consumer, thanks for continuing to so these tests and raise awareness in this area. For those looking for Daylong- best sunscreen, I agree. Used it for years myself and my children and never been burnt. It is now back in NZ rebranded as Cetaphil sun (kids). A liposomal cream & lotion available from pharmacies.

Marita B.
23 Nov 2019
Daylong sunscreen

I am glad to hear it’s changed it’s name! Any sunscreen product calling itself “daylong” is extremely misleading and frankly dangerous.

Peter H.
21 Nov 2019
Old recommended no good now?

The list has changed. What happened to the Nivea sun kids protect and sensitive 50+?

Consumer staff
22 Nov 2019
Re: Old recommended no good now?

Hi Peter,

Thanks for you comments. We remove test results from previous years as we can’t guarantee previously tested sunscreens are the same formulation that’s currently being sold.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

June C.
21 Nov 2019
Sunscreens

Ok then what is recommended.

Consumer staff
22 Nov 2019
Re: Sunscreens

Hi June,

You can check out the products that met both their SPF label claim and the requirements for broad-spectrum protection on the "up to standard" section of our article: https://www.consumer.org.nz/articles/sunscreens/know-the-issue#article-up-to-standard

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

John S.
21 Nov 2019
Some of the products that failed claim to meet the Australian and New Zealand sunscreen standard.

Surely if they fail this claim they can be prosecuted for misleading claims?
I only buy product that claims to meet this standard but now I am thinking I should only buy product that I know is also sold in Aus (and claims to meet the standard). Hopefully the Australians also test and hold to account those who fail.

Consumer staff
21 Nov 2019
Re: Some of the products that failed claim to meet the Australian and New Zealand sunscreen standard.

Hi John,

Thanks for your comments. We’ll be notifying the Commerce Commission about the products that failed to meet label claims.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Raywn M.
21 Nov 2019
Last years UV Sunscreen

Is there a reason that the above sunscreen which had rave reviews last year is not listed this year.

Consumer staff
21 Nov 2019
Re: Last years UV Sunscreen

Hi Raywn,

Thanks for your query. We remove test results from previous years as we can’t guarantee previously tested sunscreens are the same formulation that’s currently being sold.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Simon West
21 Nov 2019
What about those not tested?

Your first tip says choose spf50+ water resistant etc. The results say Banana boat dry failed, but i don't see any results for the common available Banana Boat Sport. Has this been tested? if not, why not? Will this be tested?
Thanks

Consumer staff
22 Nov 2019
Re: What about those not tested?

Hi Simon,

Thanks for your comments. Because sunscreen testing is very expensive and time-consuming it isn't possible for us to test all products on the market.

We suggest checking out the "up to standard" section of the article for products that met their SPF50+ label claims: https://www.consumer.org.nz/articles/sunscreens/know-the-issue#article-up-to-standard

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

terry B.
12 Nov 2019
Safe effective sunscreens

Can you please CLEARLY state which sunscreens have passed your tests to the highest standard for toddlers and children? All I keep seeing are the names of the ones you do NOT recommend,
Thank you

Consumer staff
13 Nov 2019
Re: Safe effective sunscreens

Hello Terry,

You can sort through the table on our "test results" tab to find which products for children and toddlers passed their SPF claims.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

R G M.
01 Nov 2019
Sunscreen Testing

Could you please test the following:-
Coola Mineral Body Sunscreen Lotion SPF50 - Fragrance Free
Coola Mineral Body Sunscreen Lotion SPF30 - Frangrance Free
Coola Mineral SPF 30 Sun Silk Creme Organic Sunscreen

John F.
31 Oct 2019
Nivea Sun Kids Protection

Beware of this product. It stained the children’s togs yellow so they are unable to be worn any longer. When I contacted Nivea to express concern they refused to provide compensation for the togs instead offering some free samples of Nivea products.

Karen P.
12 Oct 2019
Sunscreen Testing

Is it at all possible for the Cetaphil Sun Kids Liposomal Lotion SPF 50+ to be included in your next testing, as this has been rebranded and was originally called DayLong.

Consumer staff
14 Oct 2019
Re: Sunscreen Testing

Hi Karen,

Thank you for your comment. I have passed this onto our testing team for them to consider in their next batch of testing.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Jacqui N.
10 Apr 2019
Yes to testing sunscreen

I wholeheartedly support sunscreen having to meet a standard; it is not a cosmetic. It is scary to potentially using a safety product that may not be effective.

Phillip S.
27 Mar 2019
Personal use

I have struggled for many years trying to find a sunscreen that works for me. Have suffered irritation, inflamed skin residue on skin, blotchines. Might be fine doing lab tests but at the end of the day it is all about consumer satisfaction. Use of moisturisers could be an important consideration. I am an outdoorsy person, so have had a challenge.Phillip S

Trudy M.
21 Nov 2019
Have you tried

Oasis? I see theirs has passed the test. I use all their skin products, its made here in NZ and they use all natural ingredients.

Phillip S.
04 Mar 2019
Senitive Skin

Some screens can be quite irritating. Leaving a residue on the Skin can be unfort tunate. It is hard to find a sunscreen that becomes invisible when applied. The stated quantity is Sometimes questionable. I have searched widely for a sunscreen that works for me- non iritating. invisible after application . The best I have found so far" SUNSATIONAL SFP50+ 200ml Made in Australia

Another issue is protective apparel. NZ not good at this. I am currently wearing Solbari SFP 50 a product obtained from Australia.

Protective Sunscreen and clothing is a major issue in NZ. I am always investigating Sun protection. I have had over 35 skin treatments procedures ranging from over one hour to all day sessions .
There is a need to focus on the total picture an not just snapshots
Phil Simpson

Shannon S.
10 Jan 2019
Daylong Sunscreen

Daylong Sunscreen. I have used this brand for 10+ years. Outstanding product, but has been removed from the NZ market. Cannot seem to find the answer as to why?

Jacquie F.
18 Jan 2019
Daylong

I agree and know of quite a few others who also agree. I have used it for years and it always worked well and also especially under make up. No one can tell me why is has been removed even ringing the suppliers

Karen P.
19 Jan 2019
Daylong

Bring back Daylong- this was a fantastic sunscreen for people working outside, actually work.

Maggie L.
19 Jan 2019
Is it this one?

Daylong Suntivity Liposomal Sunscreen Lotion SPF50+ - if so, it is still available and even passed consumer testing in 2017. Just google it, you can even buy it online.

Kathy T.
22 Jan 2019
Yes you CAN get it

From Life Pharmacy

Jean Edwards
04 Jan 2019
Confusion over red crosses, green ticks!

In the column about Oxybenzone and Octinoxate: there are red crosses (presumable a warning: DON'T USE) and a green tick (green usually meaning the green light: go ahead). BUT: I'm not sure whether the green tick actually means YES this contains these 2 ingredients-- or not??? Please explain!

Consumer staff
07 Jan 2019
Re: Confusion over red crosses, green ticks!

Hi Jean,

The ticks and crosses in the columns for oxybenzone and octinoxate showed whether or not a sunscreen contains either of these chemical absorbers. We've replaced these with Yes/No to make it clearer.
Thanks,

Fonda - Consumer NZ staff

Christopher R.
30 Dec 2018
Sunscreen tests

Why are only 10 products tested? The range is extremely small and seems less than earlier testings.

Consumer staff
07 Jan 2019
Re: Sunscreen tests

Hi Christopher,

We are currently testing 10 more sunscreens and the results will be published as soon as they are available.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Ian M.
23 Dec 2018
Chart Format

Would it be possible to reformat the chart in a more readable format that doesn't require scrolling? There's not really that much information to present, there is just too much white space.

J W.
24 Dec 2018
Scrolling

Alternatively, present the reader with scroll bars that don't themselves scroll off the screen.

Gareth G.
23 Dec 2018
Where are the rest of the test results?

Hi Belinda,

The 2017 test results are no longer available on your website (the link within the news story for the 2017 tests now just links to the 2018 tests). As only 9 were tested, it would be very useful to have all test results available for members to view, including updates for those removed from sale (as a result of consumer's testing).

Thanks

Consumer staff
07 Jan 2019
Re: Where are the rest of the test results?

Hi Gareth,

We remove test results from previous years as we can’t guarantee previously tested sunscreens are the same formulation that’s currently being sold.

Kind regards,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Roger W.
01 Nov 2018
Sunscreen

Hi
Just heard RNZ Pacific news and Palau and Hawaii have banned sunscreens like smart365 which i bought cos it rated so well in your test. This web site has the "problem chemicals" listed https://www.theinertia.com/environment/using-the-wrong-sunscreen-in-palau-will-now-carry-up-to-a-1000-fine-per-offense/ most of which are in my sunscreen . What do I do now.

Consumer staff
05 Nov 2018
Re: Sunscreen

Hi Roger,

We are aware of questions being raised about the effects of sunscreen ingredients on coral reefs – and in particular oxybenzone. We intend to look more closely at this issue in our next sunscreens report, due to be published in December. Because we know consumers may want to avoid products with certain ingredients we’ve listed the active ingredients in the online table. Here you can find the sunscreens without the concerning ingredients which met their SPF label claims and broad spectrum requirements.

Cheers,

Natalie - Consumer NZ staff

Paul Beach
15 Feb 2018
What about animal cruelty?

Why does your report say nothing about whether the products are tested on animals or not? Does animal suffering not matter to The Consumer? To some customers such as me this is an important consideration when buying. Please get with the times.

J W.
24 Dec 2018
Animal testing

They are all tested on animals (humans)

Richard H.
09 Dec 2017
New Zealand has Zero Real Policy of spending money on Cancer Prevention .

Although this subject is Sunscreens, prevention of skin cancer is far more than just this one aspect.
I was a pharmacist in Tasmania when from probably 1992 the Federal Government introduced "Stern" Legislation for schools.
All Australian States have strong legislation about sun burn prevention.
I could write pages on the frustrations I have had since 1996 when I returned to NZ and tried to get schools, councils etc to take Sun burn prevention seriously.
Anyone can check Google for articles on the recommended amount of sunscreen which should be applied to prevent sunburn.
Withe prices in New Zealand it is impossible for people on restricted income and say 2 or 3 (or more) children to be able to afford to keep their family safe.
The cost id horrendous. In Australia I can buy a 1 Litre container of SP50 for about $15.

Every Government since 1996 when I tried to find out why more was not done has indicated from the people I spoke to, that Skin Cancer was a very low priority in their budgets.

In Wanaka a few years ago the council put up a new play area. When I spoke to the then deputy mayor why there were no Sunshades, I was told "Not their Problem !!!"

So I will repeat, the overall policies of every government since 1996 in New Zealand has done very little bring in essential legislation to prevent skin cancer.

Throwing a few ads on TV each year does NOT constitute a definitive long term policy for skin cancer prevention.

Skin Cancer prevention is NOT just about sunscreens. It is about a total educational package, with examples being set by Councils, schools, and governments.

I believe in New Zealand, there still may be a policy of schools having the CHOICE !!??? of opting in for sun prevention. If it is now compulsory I apologise..
However I still get extremely angry (has anyone guessed), at the systematic abuse our very young children are subjected to.

Richard H

B P.
09 Dec 2017
Fully agree

I completely agree Richard. No compulsory testing/standard, no subsidisation of sunscreen equals increased long run health damage and cost for the country. The Cancer Society should be ashamed of its profiteering, whilst not meeting the stated SPF, from this basic health protection need.

Paul N.
25 Dec 2017
Media

Have you considered contacting the NZ Herald about this? Might jump on it and give it much needed exposure.

Mat H.
15 Apr 2019
Profiteering? Unsafe?

The suggestions that the Cancer Society is profiteering doesn't make sense, since it's a non-profit charity and many/most (?) of its staff are volunteers. As they state on their packaging, the proceeds from the sales go towards helping New Zealanders with cancer. With most other brands the profits are sent overseas to their shareholders.

The Cancer Society sunscreens are made in Australia where they have to comply with strict regulations around SPF levels. I've used their products for years and know first-hand the protection is excellent.

The info on this (Consumer NZ) website says SPF30 blocks 97%, and SPF50 blocks 98% of UV rays. So if we assume the Cancer Society score of SPF 41 is accurate, it would block something like 97.5% of UV rays. This equates to 99.5% of the stated SPF protection. In reality this is well within the margin of error of the testing methods and shouldn't be taken as proof the products aren't compliant.

Applying sunscreen to a small patch of skin on 10 people and seeing how red it is is the next day is an inherently unreliable way of testing sunscreens. You could test them repeatedly and get large variations in the scores.

I don't understand why some people are beating up on the Cancer Society. Their purpose is to prevent skin cancer and support people, not to line their pockets. In this age of globalisation we're lucky to have a local brand where the profits have a positive social impact.

Pauline D.
09 Dec 2017
Banana Boat - EveryDay

Unfortunately for me, I purchased a 400g bottle of Banana Boat EveryDay only last week and despite Banana Boat's claim in your report, "it no longer uses MIT in sunscreens sold in New Zealand". Well, this particular bottle does contain methylisothiazoline as listed on ingredients. Batch no: 706SB, Exp Aug 2019. Wonder if I can get a refund, any thoughts?

Previous member
11 Dec 2017
Re: Banana Boat - EveryDay

Hi Pauline,

It's worth asking the retailer for a refund, but it doesn't have to provide one as the product is an "everyday " sunscreen. If you purchased it from a pharmacy and the bottle is still untouched, the pharmacy may be happy to upgrade you to a different brand, but you'd have to pay the difference.

Thanks,
Fonda - Consumer NZ staff

Cordell W.
09 Dec 2017
Actives

In order to understand these results you need to understand b the active ingredients: what they are; how they work (together? in isolation? ); strengths; weaknesses; risks, and so on.
Which would require a chemistry lesson...
Short advice: source and buy European products (I.e Avene/Bio-derma).
Or stay out of the sun.

Angelique M.
09 Dec 2017
Garnier Ambre Solaire

I've been using this one and doubt its affectiveness. It's available at supermarkets and pharmacies, can you test it?

Previous member
11 Dec 2017
Re: Garnier Ambre Solaire

Hi Angelique,

Thanks for the suggestion. We'll keep this product in mind for our next test.

Cheers,
Fonda - Consumer NZ staff

Steve K.
09 Dec 2017
Please clarify

So, for instance, both Nivea and Cancer Society, which claim 50+, are in fact 45 and 40 respectively *according to the data they supplied*? How is this legal? (If I've got this wrong- then this chart is not clear).

Previous member
11 Dec 2017
Re: Please clarify

Hi Steve,

The table chart shows the SPF the products got when tested by Consumer NZ. So to clarify, the Nivea and Cancer Society sunscreens got 45 and 40 in the Consumer NZ test. Nivea provided two sets of results to support its SPF50+ label claim. The Cancer Society based its claims on test results for a similar (but not identical) product.

Cheers,
Belinda - Consumer NZ writer

Susannah T.
07 Dec 2017
Self-tanning lotions

Hi, are you planning on updating this topic? Thanks.

Gavin S.
05 Dec 2017
Dry peel off Australian Sunscreen

Decades ago a sunscreen was available in Australia which dried to a plastic film which could be peeled off in sheets at the end of a day at the beach or pool. It would not wash off in pool or seawater.
It would prevent water pollution and greasy marks on carpaint, and car interiors and clothing. Is any sunscreen like this still available? Was it effective?

Previous member
06 Dec 2017
Re: Dry peel off Australian Sunscreen

Hi Gavin,

Thanks for your comment. Unfortunately we're not familiar with this type of sunscreen and haven't tested it, so can't confirm its effectiveness.

Cheers,
Fonda - Consumer NZ staff

Sandra J.
04 Dec 2017
Toxicity a factor too

Also worth considering the possible health implications of sunscreen products, that reduces the list to only one option that I could see! Check out www.ewg.org

Wayne S.
04 Dec 2017
What about Nutrimetics?

Nutrimetics sun lotion is apparently better than all of them (and made here in NZ). Have you not come across it?

Previous member
05 Dec 2017
Re: What about Nutrimetics?

Hi Wayne,

We tested sunscreens that were widely available, as well as some natural sunscreens as requested by our members. Thanks for letting us know about Nutrimetics – we’ll keep it in mind for our next test.

Cheers,
Belinda - Consumer NZ writer

Helen B.
26 Nov 2019
Nutrimetics

I use this sunscreen and it is great. My daughter has ezcema and it's one of the few that don't irritate her skin. But she can't use it on her face. They often have two for one offers. Would be great to have it tested.

Claire T.
02 Dec 2017
Daylong Suntivity

I have very fair skin and burn very easily. I have tried many sunscreens. I use the Daylong Suntivity and LOVE it. I have worn it for 8 hours while outside all day and not got sunburnt except for a small patch on the top of my foot which I'd missed! With other sunscreens I can feel myself beginning to burn after 2 hours.
Daylong is excellent for putting on under make up.

Sarah D.
01 Dec 2017
Spray sunscreens

I would be interested in knowing what the difference is between lotion and spray sunscreens and whether they live up to their claims.

Thanks
Sarah

Previous member
04 Dec 2017
Re: Spray sunscreens

Hi Sarah,

We didn’t test aerosol sunscreens to see whether they met their SPF claims. There’s two main issues with aerosol sunscreens. Firstly, there’s concern that consumers aren’t applying them properly and therefore not using enough which can result in sunburn. For this reason some companies have stopped selling aerosol sunscreens.

Secondly, they are an expensive option. Our colleagues in Australia tested how much of the can is actually sunscreen and found only about 40-60% of the can was sunscreen – the rest was propellant. It’s also easy to “overspray”, especially if it’s windy or you’re spraying a small area.

Cheers,
Belinda - Consumer NZ writer

Julie B.
21 Nov 2017
Sunscreen safety

I see today that you are undertaking a review of the efficacy of sunscreens.

Will you be looking at the effect of sunscreen on the environment and especially the impact on sunscreen in the water at beaches?

Apparently the aquatic organisms don't appreciate sunscreen. Is there sunscreen safe to use at beaches?

Also are there some sunscreens that are less likely to cause damage to paintwork on vehicles? The hand prints left on my car from sunscreened hands were cute initially, but the 'cuteness' wore off when I wanted to sell the vehicle.

I would also like to see some comment on safety vs efficacy of sunscreens used on little children, considering the smaller the child the greater it's surface area.

Thanks

Julie

Previous member
21 Nov 2017
Re: Sunscreen safety

Hi Julie,

Thanks very much for your suggestions. We haven’t focussed on these topics in our upcoming report, but we’ll keep your suggestions in mind for any future update.

Kind regards,
Fonda – Consumer NZ staff

Nick C.
13 Jan 2017
Oxybenzone?

With the increased awareness of how oxybenzone damages reefs and marine systems, it would be useful to have separate tables for mineral-based vs chemical sunscreens.

Gabriele K.
30 Oct 2016
Staining products

Along with the protection, I also look for products that do not stain fabrics. With many sunscreens we find that whites take on an orange tint and colours are bleached, for example, blue towels have pink stains.

Marcus B.
26 Jan 2015
Chemical Component

i have to agree with several of the comments regarding efficacy versus the potential absorption of undersirable chemical components. Many of the recommended sunscreens we have used are somewhat irritating and greasy. It would be great to test these lotions which balance all these variables and are predominantly naturally based. Clothing protection including a really good hat is our go to method.

L P K.
25 Jan 2015
Broader testing required

I endorse the comments of Claudia L & Miranda B. Many sunscreens cause eyes to sting - so we avoid putting them on our foreheads and temples. I have used Neutrogena for some time, but have now developed a reaction to it.
Other factors important to us are eyes stinging, absorbency, water resistance. If these do not work, the sunscreen is no use to us.
Can we please have some testing that scratches a little below the surface and addresses usability and longer term effects of use.

Sonamora
01 Jan 2016
Agree, more long range consideration to sunblocks

Absolutely agree there ought to be a more far reaching analysis into sunblocks. We recently bought some 50+ Banana Boat sprays and my kids are in pain when this stuff touches their sunkissed skin. It can't be doing them any good.

PaulSNZ
28 Dec 2014
Skinnies

Can you please add Skinnies to your testing. This is a Gel over a lotion and personally I have found it to be very good. (No I don't work for Skinnies)

Heloise S.
21 Dec 2014
Ingredients

I think there should also have been information on ingredients. I have heard of a few clients having allergic reactions to some sunscreens which have higher levels of propylene glycol & SLS's etc. I prefer the micronised zinc oxide with minimal bad chemicals,as it is a physical barrier rather than a chemical barrier.

Mike P.
24 Jan 2015
All chemical components

Problem is few products are tested for all their constituent chemicals. Nor is there sufficient assessment of the the interactions between the combinations of chemicals used. In addition most testing isn't done on a long term use basis. All these variables need to be effectively tested to be sure there is no potential negative health impacts. Consumer needs to up its game in regard to advising about the risks many people expose themselves to from many commonly used products. Consumer is not my go to place for anything regarding this type of information that consumers ought to have as of right.

Claudia L.
16 Dec 2014
sunscreens factors

Other factors are as important to our family such as eyes stinging, absorbency, water resistance. If these do not work, the sunscreen is not good to us.

Miranda B.
15 Dec 2014
Other sunscreen test factors

Whilst I agree that the major purpose of sunscreen is to protect us from the suns rays, there are other factors which strongly influence my decision on which to buy - which marks your car paint, how it feels on your skin, how much it stings your eyes once you get sweating, how much it is absorbed into your skin or leaves a white tone. I don't care about price, I want the best sunscreen for me and my family.