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Insulation makes your home easier and cheaper to heat. Warm indoor temperatures, along with adequate ventilation, make for a drier and healthier place to live. We discuss insulation options for new and existing homes, explain changes to the building code that affect insulation requirements, and tell you where to get more information.
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Insulation makes your home easier and cheaper to heat. Warm indoor temperatures, along with adequate ventilation, make for a drier and healthier place to live. We discuss insulation options for new and existing homes, explain changes to the building code that affect insulation requirements, and tell you where to get more information. Join Consumer and use our expert test results and recommendations to find the model that's right for you.
Seal around doors and windows, block off unused chimneys and remove downlights that are not rated 'close abutted' (downlights with air gaps around them).
But remember you will still need to air or ventilate the house to prevent damp accumulating and to maintain air quality. Even on the coldest nights you will need some fresh air in the house. There is a fine line between draughts and ventilation.
You may be eligible for help (see below) to fund insulation improvements.
If you are unsure about how best to insulate your house, consider paying for a home energy rating. For background information see www.energywise.govt.nz.
You will receive an independent assessment of the energy performance of your home including how well the building's design, construction and orientation enables it to maintain a comfortable indoor temperature, and how efficient the indoor heating and water heating are. You will get recommendations for the most cost-effective ways to improve the house's energy efficiency and reduce your energy costs.
Warm Up New Zealand: Healthy Homes projects provide free ceiling and underfloor insulation for low-income households occupied by people with health needs related to cold, damp housing. Availability is through regional projects.
Home owners or tenants may be eligible if they have a Community Services Card and the house is occupied by someone under 17 years or over 65 years. People can also be referred to the programme by a health provider if they are at risk from illness linked to cold, damp housing - such as a respiratory condition.
Visit www.energywise.govt.nz for terms and conditions and more information.
Since November 2007 the standards of insulation required for new homes and major renovations have been markedly increased. The minimum requirements for energy efficiency in house design and construction are spelled out in the Building Code's energy effectiveness clause H1. The standard AS/NZS4859.1 sets the testing and labelling requirements for insulation materials used in the home and whether they comply with the requirements of H1.
The new minimum insulation requirements, including double glazing, were introduced in stages around the country.
The tables below show an example of the new overall R values for wall, roof, floor and glazing required in different parts of the country for non-solid (timber-framed) construction houses.
Full details of insulation requirements can be obtained from the compliance documents of the Building Code.
|Zones 1 & 2 - North Island excluding the Central Plateau||Roof||Walls||Floor||Vertical glazing||Skylights|
|Building Code NZS 4218:2004||R2.9||R1.9||R1.3||R0.26||R0.26|
|Zone 3 - South Island and the North Island Central Plateau||Roof||Walls||Floor||Vertical glazing||Skylights|
|Building Code NZS 4218:2004||R3.3||R2.0||R1.3||R0.26||R0.31|
To achieve the required R2.0 for the walls of a Zone 3 timber house, for example, you need to install an insulation product with an R value between 2.2 and 2.8. This is because the higher R value for the insulation product offsets the lower R value of the timber framing (see Insulation basics).
There are different R requirements for solid construction houses. Details can be found in Clause H1 of the Building Code.
If you're building a new home, we recommend insulating beyond the code's minimum requirements. For a little extra cost you can get a much higher level of comfort and health, and save on energy bills. In particular consider walls, roof, or underfloor areas that will be inaccessible once the house is complete. You won't get another chance.
Plan a new house to make the most of free solar energy. This is called "passive design". The basic principles are as follows:
Concrete floor slabs should be insulated on the sides and underneath on the perimeter at least.
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